The political background of Outlander has to do with the conflict over Jacobinism. The origins of the conflict go back to 1603 when Queen Elizabeth I of England died without any children to inherit her throne. The English crown then went to her next closest relative, King James VI of Scotland (James was the great grandson of Elizabeth's aunt, Margaret Tudor, the sister of King Henry VIII of England). James' coronation inaugurated the reign of his house, House Stuart, over England. While England and Scotland shared the same monarch, they maintained separate Parliaments and were technically separate countries.The reign of the Stuarts was a tumultuous one and James' son and heir, King Charles I, was deposed and executed during the English Civil War. For a time England was ruled by Parliament, but James grandson, Charles II eventually restored the Stuart monarchy to Britain. When Charles II died, his brother, James II succeeded him. King James' rule quickly became controversial. In the 17th century conflicts between Protestants and Catholics continued to roil Britain. Many Protestants feared that the Catholics were trying to take over England and Britain. Fear of Catholic influence had played a part in the English Civil War as Charles I had a Catholic wife and favored a "High Church" style of worship which was similar to that of the Catholic Church. James II was actually a Catholic himself. At the time of his coronation this was acceptable to most English Protestants because James' daughters, his only heirs, were Protestants. However, after James' coronation, his wife gave birth to a son. This son, also named James, would be raised Catholic and would take precedence over his elder sisters in the line of succession. Suddenly, English Protestants were faced with the possibility of a lasting Catholic monarchy in Britain. They were also angered by James II's efforts to extend greater religious freedom to British Catholics.In 1688, concerned members of Parliament sent a message to James' eldest daughter, Mary, and her husband the Dutch prince William of Orange, asking them to come to Britain and assume the throne. In an episode which became known as "The Glorious Revolution", William landed in England with the Dutch army and deposed James II in a nearly bloodless revolution. William and Mary became co-monarchs of England and Scotland.While James fled to Europe, not all Britons were reconciled to the end of the Stuart monarchy. Those who still supported the Stuart's claim to the throne became known as Jacobites, since they supported the claim of James II and his descendants. Over the half century or so between the Glorious Revolution and the events of Outlander, there would be periodic attempts by the Stuarts to raise rebellions in their favor. The Highlands of Scotland, where Outlander is set, was a particular hotbed of Jacobite sympathy, with many Highland lords feeling that the Stuarts had treated them better than their successors had. In the first season Claire goes out on a tax collecting trip with Dougal She sees Dougal using anti-English rhetoric to get more money from the people. At first she thinks that he is lining his own pockets. Eventually she realizes that Dougal is actually a Jacobite and that he is raising money to help finance a Stuart return to the throneIt's important to note that while the first season of Outlander often seems to portray the conflict in the Highlands as a nationalist one between Scots and English, the reality of the Jacobite and anti-Jacobite conflict was not national in nature. There were plenty of Scots at the time who opposed the Jacobites and supported the continued rule of the Hanoverian dynasty of King George II and there were non-Scots who supported the Jacobites as well.